1) Chemicals and Materials

AGEAlkyl Glucoester
ALESAmmonium Lauryl Ether Sulfate
ALSAmmonium Lauryl Sulfate
AOSAlpha Olefin Sulfonate
AXSAmmonium Xylene Sulfonate
BABBranched Alkylbenzene
BADPOBranched Alkyldiphenyl Oxide
BOPPBiaxially Oriented Poly Propylene
CICorrosion Inhibitor
DABSADialkylbenzene Sulfonic Acid
DDBSADodecylbenzene Sulfonic Acid
DPODiphenyl Oxide
EDTAEthylenediamine Tetraacetic Acid
EGDSEthylene Glycol Distearate
EGMSEthylene Glycol Monostearate
EOEthylene Oxide
EPExtreme Pressure Additive; also Emulsion Polymerization - ACRONYMS Section 2 below.
EPSExpandable Poly Styrene
FMFriction Modifier
GOGear Oil
H.R.STEELHot Rolled Steel
IPAIsopropyl Alcohol, Isopropylamine
LABLinear Alkylbenzene
LAPDOLinear Alkyldiphenyl Oxide
LASLinear Alkylbenzene Sulfonate (or Sulfonic Acid)
MIPAMonoisopropanolamine, Monoisopropylamine
O/WOil in Water (emulsion)
PEGPolyethylene Glycol
PPPoly Propylene
PVCPoly Vinyl Chloride
R&ORust and Oxidation
SBRStyrene Butadiene Rubber
SSStainless Steel
SLESSodium Lauryl Ether Sulfate
SLSSodium Lauryl Sulfate
SO2Sulfur Dioxide
SO3Sulfur Trioxide
SXSSodium Xylene Sulfonate
TLSTriethanolamine Lauryl Sulfate
TSATridecylbenzene Sulfonic Acid
VCMVinyl Chloride Monomer
W/OWater in Oil (emulsion)
ZDPZinc Dithiophosphate

2) Methods, Instruments, Processes and Properties.

AAAtomic Absorption
BODBiological Oxygen Demand
C of ACertificate of Analysis
CMCCritical Micelle Concentration
CODChemical Oxygen Demand
EPEmulsion Polymerization; also Extreme Pressure Additive - ACRONYMS Section 1 above.
FTIRFourier Transform Infra-Red (Spectroscopy)
GCGas Chromatography
GCMSGas Chromatography/Mass Spectroscopy
HLBHydrophile Lipophile Balance
HPLCHigh Performance Liquid Chromatography
ICIon Chromatography
MSDSManufacturer's Safety Data Sheet
NIRNear Infra-Red (Spectroscopy)
NMRNuclear Magnetic Resonance (Spectroscopy)
PEEPetroleum Ether Extract
PMCCPensky-Martens Closed Cup (Flashpoint test)
PPMParts Per Million
SPCStatistical Process Control
SQCStatistical Quality Control
TBNTotal Base Number
UV/VISUltra-Violet/Visible (Spectroscopy)
VIViscosity Index
VOCVolatile Organic Compound
WGKGerman Water Hazard Classification System

3) Governmental Groups, Acts, etc.

ACGIHAmerican Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists.
ANSIAmerican National Standards Institute
CFRCode of Federal Regulations.
EPAEnvironmental Protection Agency
HMTAHazardous Material Transportation Act
IARCInternational Agency for Research in Cancer.
ISOInternational Standards Organization
NIOSHNational Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.
NFPANational Fire Prevention Association
NISTNational Institute of Standards and Technology
NTPNational Toxicology Program.
OSHAOccupational Health and Safety Administration.
TSCAToxic Substances Control Act.

4) Safety

LC50Lethal Concentration, 50%.
LD50Lethal Dose, 50%.
PELPermissible Exposure Limit.
STELShort Term Exposure Limit.
TLVThreshold Limit Value.

5) Professional Organizations

ACSAmerican Chemical Society
AIChEAmerican Institute of Chemical Engineers
AOCSAmerican Oil Chemists Society
ASMAmerican Society for Metals
ASTMAmerican Society for Testing and Materials
CH&SChemical Health and Safety (Division of ACS)
CSMAChemical Specialties Manufacturers Association
CTFACosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association
IPInstitute of Petroleum
PMSEPolymer Materials Science and Engineering (Division of ACS) 
SAESociety of Automotive Engineers
SCCSociety of Cosmetic Chemists
SMESociety of Manufacturing Engineers
STLESociety of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers